VISEUL-DE-SUS (Hung. Felsövisó; referred to by the Jews as Oybervisha), town in N. Romania; until the end of World War I and between 1940 and 1944 in Hungary. The Jewish community in Viseul-de-Sus was organized in 1877, although Jews had already been living there for a long time. The Jewish population developed rapidly during the 1880s. In 1885 the community was designated as the Jewish center for the three villages of Felsövisó, Alsóviso (Viseul-de-Jos), and Középvisó (Viseul de Mijloc), and later for a number of other villages. The ḥevra kaddisha was established in 1895. The community was Orthodox and Ḥasidism wielded a powerful influence. There were four synagogues, a number of additional prayer houses, and a yeshivah. In the main, the occupations of the Jews, including ordinary laborers, were connected with the forests and the wood industry of the town and its environs. In 1896 a Hebrew press was established; as it was the only press in the town it also printed works in other languages. The Hebrew religious periodical, Degl ha-Torah, was printed there from 1922 and ran to about 80 issues. In 1930 there were 3,734 Jews (33.7 percent of the total population) in Viseul-de-Sus. About the same number of Jews lived there in the spring of 1944, when the Fascist Hungarian authorities set up a ghetto, in which Jews from the surrounding villages were also concentrated. It is estimated that about 35,000 Jews passed through this ghetto on their way to auschwitz . After World War II about 700 Jews returned to the town. Their numbers declined through emigration and by 1971 the Jewish community had ceased to exist. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Magyar Zsidó Lexikon (1929), 272; I. Benoschofsky and E. Karsai, Vádirat a nácizmus ellen, 2 (1960), 259, 266, 272. (Yehouda Marton)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Viseu de Sus — Original name in latin Vieu de Sus Name in other language Felsoviso, Felsvis Visauel de Sus, Visaul de Sus, Viseu, Viseu de Sus, Viseul, Viseul de Sus, Visuel de Sus, Vieu, Vieu de Sus, Vieul, Vieul de Sus, Viuel de Sus, Viuel de Sus, Viul de Sus …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vişeu de Sus —  Roumanie Judeţ de Maramureş Vişeu de Sus Statut : Ville …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vișeu de Sus — Le centre de Vișeu de Sus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BORSA — (Rom. Borşa), mountain village in Northern Transylvania, Maramures region, Romania; within Hungary before 1918 and from 1940 to 1944. Jewish communal life had developed there by 1751. According to local Hasidic legend, israel b. eliezer Ba al… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SCHWARTZ, JOSEPH HA-KOHEN — (1877–1944), Hungarian rabbi and author. Born in Felsővisó, Hungary (now Viseul de Sus in Romania), Schwartz was the son of Naphtali ha Kohen Schwartz and a pupil of jacob tennenbaum . He edited the periodical Va Yelakket Yosef for 20 years, from …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”